V. V/Q scan - a ventilation-perfusion scan, used to confirm a diagnosis of pulmonary embolism valsalva maneuver - when a patient is instructed to blow on his or her thumb to maximize intrathoracic pressure.. What does UTI Stand For in Medical & Science ?. No vaccine is available. The following conditions predispose sexually active women to development of UTI: the use of a contraceptive diaphragm, the method of sexual intercourse, (greatly prolonged or cunnilingus), and failure to void immediately following intercourse. Medical » Oncology-- and more... Rate it: UTI: Universal Technical Institute. MedicineNet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This is frequently seen with pyogenic organisms, which create abscesses far from the initial entry site. by AcronymAndSlang.com Meaning of UTI. Find 65,000 medical and nursing definitions. Life-threatening infectious disease usually occurs when immunity is weak or suppressed (such as during the first few months of life, in older or malnourished persons, in trauma or burn victims, in leukopenic patients, and in those with chronic illnesses such as diabetes mellitus, renal failure, cancer, asplenia, alcoholism, or heart, lung, or liver disease). A polymicrobial infection of the bones and soft tissues of the lower extremities of patients with diabetes mellitus, typically those patients who have vascular insufficiency or neuropathic foot disease. Rate it: UTI: Under The Influence. Synonym: An infection acquired by the inhalation of a microorganism in the air, esp. Death may also result from sepsis, asphyxiation, or hemorrhage. urinary tract infection listed as UTI. Ganciclovir has limited effect in congenital CMV. ; What … Young patients with bladder infections may have pain with urination; urinary frequency or urgency, or both; pelvic or suprapubic discomfort; low-grade fevers; or a change in the appearance or odor of their urine (cloudy, malodorous, or rarely bloody). More females than males have UTIs. UTI (medical condition): Bladder infection or inflammation...more ». Once you get one, its easier to get a relapse. 10. CMV infection that is newly acquired during the first trimester of pregnancy can be esp. Start studying Urinary System Abbreviations Chap 7. The cause is usually bacterial or viral, and, occasionally, fungal. UTI symptoms include pain, abdominal pain, mild fever, urinary urgency and frequency. The contact may occur sexually, through injection, or via a medical or dental procedure in which a blood-contaminated instrument is inadvertently used after inadequate sterilization. Carefully collected and cultured specimens of blood, urine, stool, sputum, or other body fluids are used to identify pathogens and their susceptibilities to treatment. Life-threatening infectious disease usually occurs when immunity is weak or suppressed (such as during the first few months of life, in older or malnourished persons, in trauma or burn victims, in leukopenic patients, and in those with chronic illnesses such as diabetes mellitus, renal failure, cancer, asplenia, alcoholism, or hea… Examples include progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy and subacute sclerosing panencephalitis. Antiviral agents such as ganciclovir and foscarnet are used to treat retinitis, colitis, and pneumonitis in immunosuppressed patients; chronic antiviral therapy has been used to suppress CMV, but this protocol has not been effective in preventing recurrence of CMV or development of meningoencephalitis. Abbreviation for urinary tract infection. Governmental » Law & Legal-- and more... Rate it: UTI: Unit Trust Of India. U. UTI medical abbreviation for Urinary Track Infection . Other factors that increase the risk of a UTI include: 1. Medical abbreviations are a shorthand way of writing and talking by medical professionals (people who work to help sick people) to hurry explanation of diseases (sickness), patients, or medicines (drugs).. Instructing the patient should emphasize self-care and prevention of recurrences. An imprecise term for any infection involving the nasal passages, pharynx, and bronchi. Pregnant women and all health care workers should strictly adhere to standard infection control precautions. An infection that is asymptomatic or is not detected. 5. Top Menu. Each period varies with different pathogens and different diseases. What does UTI stand for? Bacteria exist in a variety of relationships with the human body. ACE – angiotensin-converting enzyme. An infection that enters the fascial planes of the neck after originating in the oral cavity, pharynx, or a regional lymph node. Urinary Incontinence in Women: Types, Causes, and Treatments for Bladder Control. Several of these medical terms, like UA, C&S, and UTI, are seen quite a bit and may be familiar to many people. List page number 2 Localized infections produce tissue redness, swelling, tenderness, heat, and loss of function. Abbreviated UTI. Some of the typed or computer-generated abbreviations, prescription symbols, and dose designations can still be confusing and lead to mistakes in drug dosing or timing. platelets. Contact with the diapers or drool of an infected child may result in infection of a person who has previously been unexposed to the infection. The existence of two or more infections at the same time. Transfusion-transmitted bacterial infection. A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in any part of your urinary system — your kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. ADM - admission, admitted 4. It is more common in women than in men because of the relative shortness of the female urethra . In general, the use of abbreviations should be limited to this list. Skip to content. An infectious disease occurs only if each link is present and in proper sequence. The medical term abbreviations is necessary, because sometime in OPD a doctors should have to diagnose many patients. However, serious consequences can occur if a UTI spreads to your kidneys.Doctors typically treat urinary … They colonize body surfaces and provide benefits, e.g., by limiting the growth of pathogens and by producing vitamins for absorption (in a symbiotic relationship). The most common causes are sexually transmitted diseases, but infections may also result from bacterial overgrowth or occasionally when instruments used in medical procedures introduce microorganisms. Some examples include sexually transmitted illnesses (such as herpes simplex or chlamydiosis), respiratory illnesses (influenza or varicella), and food or waterborne pathogens (cholera, schistosomiasis). Once you get one, its easier to get a relapse. An infection that occurs within thirty days of an operation, either at the suture line, just beneath it, or in internal organs and spaces that were operated upon. We know 98 definitions for UTI abbreviation or acronym in 8 categories. An infection caused by inhalation of pathogenic organisms in droplet nuclei. For Uti we have found 98 definitions. Asymptomatic UTI during pregnancy is a contributing factor to maternal pyelonephritis, or fetal prematurity and stillbirth. The most common pathogenic organisms are bacteria (including mycobacteria, mycoplasmas, spirochetes, chlamydiae, and rickettsiae), viruses, fungi, protozoa, and helminths. Read on to find out more about this abbreviation and a few others used in the healthcare field. Answer. Viruses or rickettsiae, which reproduce only inside cells, travel in the blood to cause systemic infections; viruses that damage a fetus during pregnancy (such as rubella and cytomegalovirus) travel via the blood. Definition of UTI in the Definitions.net dictionary. The abbreviation is used for multiple medical conditions. The urinary tract anesthetic phenazopyridine and sitz baths may provide relief from perineal discomfort. Symptoms in immunosuppressed patients are related to the organ system infected by CMV and include blurred vision progressing to blindness; severe diarrhea; and cough, dyspnea, and hypoxemia. The Medical Acronym /Abbreviation/Slang UTI means Urinary Tract Infection. This shorthand can include shortening (making less lengthy) of longer disease names, by cutting the word down to its base (the Latin or Greek part that makes it). Once pathogens have crossed cutaneous or mucosal barriers and gained entry into internal tissues, they may spread quickly along membranes such as the meninges, pleura, or peritoneum. Ca – calcium. However, the symptoms can cover a wide range — from mild to severe. Synonym: Infection of the tissues beneath the skin into which an implanted device, such as a pacemaker or defibrillator, has been surgically inserted. The body responds to the invasion of causative organisms by the formation of. AMA - against medical advice, American Medical Association 6. Acronym Definition; UTI: Urinary Tract Infection: UTI: Universal Technical Institute: UTI: Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (ICU in Portuguese) UTI: Under the Influence: UTI: Unit Trust of India (mutual fund) UTI: Under the Impression (chat) UTI: Unified Theory of Information: UTI: Universal Transaction Identifier: UTI: Universal Text Interface: UTI: Universal Timing Interface: UTI urinary tract infection (UTI) infection in the urinary tract; types are named for the part of the tract involved, such as urethritis, cystitis, ureteritis, pyelonephritis, and glomerulonephritis. You are at greater risk of developing complications from a UTI and should seek medical advice promptly if you: Sulfa drugs, nitrofurantoin, cephalosporins, or quinolones may be used for the outpatient treatment of UTIs while the results of cultures are pending. Information and translations of UTI in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. 3. Viruses may also be transmitted from blood donors to transfusion recipients. Bacteria can coexist with the human body without producing harmful or beneficial effects (in a commensal relationship). In the U.S., nurses who have failed to advise infected patients of the risk that CMV may pose to others have been judged to be negligent by the courts. Also, one organism can impair external defenses and permit another to enter; e.g., viruses can enhance bacterial invasion by damaging respiratory tract mucosa. It usually results from colonization of the blood product during handling or storage or, less frequently, from an unsuspected infection in the blood donor. Doctos give you antibiotics to get the infection out of your system. Urinary Trypsin Inhibitor ... Category - Medical terms; Abbreviation in category - … Older patients may present with fever, lethargy, confusion, delirium, or coma caused by urosepsis. Symptoms of a urinary tract infection (UTI) are similar in men, women, and children. Patients with pyelonephritis often complain of flank pain, prostration, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and high fevers with shaking chills. Approx. Infection differs from colonization of the body by microorganisms in that during colonization, microbes reside harmlessly in the body or perform useful functions for it, e.g., bacteria in the gut that produce vitamin K. By contrast, infectious illnesses typically cause bodily harm. These links are (1) the causative agent, which must be of sufficient number and virulence to destroy normal tissue; (2) reservoirs in which the organism can thrive and reproduce; for example, body tissues and the wastes of humans, animals, and insects, and contaminated food and water; (3) a portal through which the pathogen can leave the host, such as the respiratory tract or intestinal tract; (4) a mode of transfer, such as the hands, air currents, vectors, fomites, or other means by which the pathogens can be moved from one place or person to another; and (5) a portal of entry through which the pathogens can enter the body of (6) a susceptible host. Here are a few of them: When to seek medical advice. Doctors help you with trusted information about Urinary Tract Infection in Urinary Tract Infections: Dr. Klauber on uti medical abbreviation: Yes, a UTI can resolve on its own especially if you are not prone to them, however it is important to make sure that it is gone for good. ... UTI: Urinary tract infection; V - Medical abbreviations. Find out what is the most common shorthand of Urinary Tract Infection on Abbreviations.com! For an uncomplicated UTI that occurs when you're otherwise healthy, your doctor may recommend a shorter course of treatment, such as taking an antibiotic for one to three days. 8. What does UTI mean?. How can I avoid getting it again? See also: Cystitis: »Introduction: Cystitis »Symptoms of Cystitis »Causes of Cystitis »Tests for Cystitis »Treatments for Cystitis UTI: infections affecting stuctures participating in the secretion and elimination of urine: the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra. Cato says, the master of a family (patremfamilias) must have in his rustic villa "cellam oleariam, vinariam, dolia multa, uti lubeat caritatem expectare, et rei, et virtuti, et gloriae erit," that is, "an oil and wine cellar, many casks, so that it may be pleasant to expect hard times; it will be for his advantage, and virtue, and glory." CMV has been isolated from saliva, urine, semen, breast milk, feces, blood, and vaginal secretions of those infected; it is usually transmitted through contact with infected secretions that retain the virus for months to years. 3%). A loosely used term for a subacute or chronic infection with only mild inflammation and without pus formation. The presenting symptoms of UTI vary enormously. University Technologies International Technology, Canada, Medical. BP – blood pressure. A dipstick test may identify leukocyte esterase and nitrite in a urinary specimen, strongly suggesting a UTI. Med Reference Contents • Medical Abbreviation • More Medical Abbreviations. Worldwide, infectious diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis, hepatitis viruses, and diarrheal illnesses produce more disability and death than any other cause. Terms of Use. As a result, young women who have no antibodies to CMV should avoid providing child care to infected youngsters. ... Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. These infections commonly occur in otherwise healthy women, men with prostatic hypertrophy or bladder outlet obstruction, children with congenital anatomical abnormalities of the urinary tract, and patients with urinary stasis related to incomplete bladder emptying, neurogenic bladder or indwelling bladder catheters. Looking for the abbreviation of Urinary Tract Infection? Certain contraceptives (eg, diaphragms or spermicides) 3. Urinary Tract Infection Medical, Veterinary, Dentistry. An infection with a protozoon, e.g., malaria. Facts You Should Know About a UTI. 2012-06-26 02:49:36 2012-06-26 02:49:36. Urinalysis (obtained either as a clean catch or catheterized specimen) and subsequent urinary culture are used to determine the presence of UTI, the suspect microorganism, and the optimal antibiotic therapy. 1 MEDICAL ABBREVIATION LIST BY ABBREVIATION Annual Visit..... A Before food or meals .....a.c. UTI. Hand hygiene before and after patient contact prevents many of these infections. However, several are quite challenging, both in recognizing the abbreviation and spelling the term. Coagulase-negative staphylococci are often responsible. Infection limited to your bladder can be painful and annoying. UTI medical abbreviation meaning with flashcards ICD-10 codes. ... UTI: urinary tract infection: UTO: urinary tract obstruction : unable to obtain: UTP: Escherichia coli causes about 80% of all UTIs. Health care providers can help prevent CMV infections by advising pregnant women and the immunocompromised to avoid exposure to contact with people who have confirmed and or suspected cases of CMV. CMV is transmitted from person to person by sexual activity, during pregnancy or delivery, during organ transplantation, or by contaminated secretions; rarely, (5%) blood transfusions contain latent CMV. In men with prostate disease, enterococci are often responsible. Free. Medical Abbreviations is a sample topic from the Taber's Medical Dictionary.. To view other topics, please sign in or purchase a subscription.. Taber’s Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary Online + App from F.A. Understanding this concept is crucial because the misuse of antibiotics does not help the affected patient and may damage society by fostering antimicrobial resistance, e.g., in microorganisms such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/UTI, invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissues, as in an infectious disease. The virus spreads from one person to another as a result of exposure to blood (as in transfusions) and other body fluids including feces, urine, and saliva. Aggressive surgical therapy is usually required because antibiotics alone infrequently control the disease. In cases where physical obstruction is present, special medications or surgery may be necessary. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. AMS Medical Abbreviations. In addition, when these abbreviations are unclear, extra time must be spent by pharmacists or other healthcare providers trying to clarify their meanings, which can delay much-needed treatments. Since asymptomatic people may have and secrete the virus, standard precautions should be maintained by health care professionals at all times when such secretions are present or being handled. Davis and Unbound Medicine. I am worried about getting another bladder infection like I just had now. APPENDIX M – Medical Abbreviations and Symbols List Welcome to the new abbreviation and symbol list. A disease caused by microorganisms, esp. Abbreviated UTI. Asked by Wiki User. Standard precautions and infection control procedures limit the incidence of nosocomial infections. There are other medical problems that can appear clinically similar, including sterile cystitis (inflammation of the bladder without bacteria), uroliths (bladder stones), and cancer. A physical examination and lab tests complete the evaluation. Systemic therapy with antifungal drugs may eradicate the infection. Women of all ages are most at risk of UTIs because the female urethra is much shorter than the male urethra, which allows bacteria near the vagina to enter the bladder more easily. Infection occurring near a focus, such as the cavity of a tooth. 10% of infected infants develop CMV inclusion disease, marked by anemia, thrombocytopenia, purpura, hepatosplenomegaly, microcephaly, and abnormal mental or motor development; more than 50% of these infants die. Urinary tract infection: An infection of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or urethra. An infection transmitted through contact with the blood (cells, serum, or plasma) of an infected individual. An infection that is immunologically confirmed but does not produce obvious symptoms or signs. The presence of more than 8 to 10 white blood cells per high-power field of spun urine also strongly suggests UTI, as does the presence of bacteria in an uncentrifuged urinary specimen. I am during my second trimester. Top UTI abbreviation meanings updated September 2020. 1. List of 114 UTI definitions. A persistent, latent infection of white blood cells caused by cytomegalovirus (CMV). Medical UTI abbreviation meaning defined here. Other bacteria that sometimes cause TTBI include Pseudomonas species, Anaplasma, Babesia, and Rickettsia. 1 / 13. Patients sick enough to be hospitalized may also be treated with intravenous aminoglycosides, medicine to treat nausea and vomiting, and hydration. These flash cards focus on common abbreviations associated with the urinary system. An infection located at the tip of the root of a tooth. In health care settings, infections are often transmitted to patients by the hands of professional staff or other employees. Many common infections, such as urinary tract infections or impetigo, respond well to antimicrobial drugs. UTI: Medical Abbreviation UTI: UTI: More Medical Abbreviations. The duration of therapy and the precise antibiotics used depend on the responsible organism and the underlying condition of the patient. All Acronyms has 5 ways to abbreviate Urinary Tract Infection : List of 105 UTI definitions. But whether this short course of treatment is enough to treat your infection depends on your particular symptoms and medical … For some people, a UTI can have serious complications, such as kidney damage, kidney failure, or sepsis (blood poisoning). Not everyone with a UTI has symptoms, but common symptoms include a frequent urge to urinate and pain or burning when urinating. See: A colloquial term for vulvovaginal candidiasis. What does UTI Stand For in Business & Finance ?. The third major defensive system, the specific immune response, depends on lymphocyte activation, during which B and T cells recognize specific antigenic markers on the organism. 4.AIDS – acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Top Answer. Any disease caused by bacteria. Note that sometimes abbreviations and acronyms have several meanings. Parents of children with severe congenital CMV require support and counseling. UTI: Urinary Tract Infection. UTI stands for urinary tract infection. What does UTI stand for? Fungi are most likely to produce disease in patients whose immune defenses are compromised. BSA – body surface area. ABG - arterial blood gas 3. Updated June 2020. Sexual intercourse 2. How to prevent getting a bladder infection? Doctos give you antibiotics to get the infection out of your system. Pathogens can be transmitted to their hosts by many mechanisms, namely, inhalation, ingestion, injection or the bite of a vector, direct (skin-to-skin) contact, contact with blood or body fluids, fetomaternal contact, contact with contaminated articles (fomites), or self-inoculation. ; Go to the emergency department if you're experiencing UTI symptoms and signs and you're pregnant, nauseous, feverish, undergoing chemotherapy, or have diabetes. Health care workers caring for infected newborns or immunosuppressed patients are at no greater risk for acquiring CMV infection than are those who care for other groups of patients (approx. Start studying Medical Abbreviations "UTI-ytd". For UTI we have found 98 definitions. Abbreviation for Urinary Tract Infection in Medical Need to abbreviate Urinary Tract Infection in Medical ? Medical Abbreviations on Pharmacy Prescriptions. An alternative method of contraception should be considered. Academic & Science » Universities. Family caregivers for infected people should be taught to observe standard precautions when handling body secretions. Infection of a nail by one of a number of fungi. Systemic infections cause fevers, chills, sweats, malaise, and occasionally, headache, muscle and joint pains, or changes in mental status. An infection that occurs despite previous vaccination. An infection intermediate between acute and chronic. Start studying Medical Abbreviations "UTI-ytd". B cells produce immunoglobulins (antibodies), and T cells orchestrate a multifaceted attack by cytotoxic cells. Diagnosis of a urinary tract infection is based on information someone gives about his or her symptoms, medical and surgical history, medications, habits, and lifestyle. The antibiotic regimen should be explained, and the patient should be aware of signs and symptoms and, when they occur, should report them promptly to the primary caregiver. This shorthand can include shortening (making less lengthy) of longer disease names, by cutting the word down to its base (the Latin or Greek part that makes it). Pathological invasion of the body by yeast or other fungi. Its a highly uncomfortable feeling and annoying as hell. C/O - complains of, care of 11. During pregnancy, the woman can transmit the virus transplacentally to the fetus with devastating results. The presence of kidney or bladder stones 5. Illness in a transfusion recipient that develops after the infusion of contaminated blood or blood products, esp. A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra. Wiping from back to front after a bowel movement 4. Hop on to get the meaning of UTI. pediatric population UTI comprises 5% of febrile illnesses in early childhood Unlike the generally benign course of UTI in the adult population, in the pediatric population is well recognized as a cause of acute morbidity and chronic medical conditions. Medical Abbreviations in English. See: B cell; T cell; inflammation for table. Many disease-causing agents, however, may afflict vigorous persons, whether they are young or old, fit or weak. It may be life-threatening if the infection enters the carotid sheath, the paravertebral spaces, or the mediastinum. Top UTI abbreviation meaning: Urinary Tract Infection Treatment usually involves increased fluid intake and use of antibiotics. Wiki User Answered . What does it mean when hospitals, doctors, or medical documents are referring to UTI? Others enter the lymphatic channels; if they can overcome white blood cell defenses in the lymph nodes, they move into the bloodstream to multiply at other sites. A health care professional may simply perform a urine dipstick test in the office. The healthcare field is full of technical terminology, including a number of medical abbreviations that are used to complete patient charts, write prescriptions, communicate general needs and bill for services.Being able to access a medical abbreviation list can help you … Some pathogens produce enzymes that damage cell membranes, enabling them to move rapidly from cell to cell. The infectious process is similar to a circular chain with each link representing one of the factors involved in the process. Patients with anatomical abnormalities of the urinary tract, e.g., children with ureteropelvic obstruction or older men with bladder outlet obstruction, may sometimes require urological surgery. A urinary tract infection is an infection that occurs when bacteria enters into any part of the urinary tract, including the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra. The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource. They may include cytomegalovirus, encephalitis viruses, and, rarely, hepatitis viruses or human immunodeficiency virus. The British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy is working with the pharmaceutical industry to establish a series of antibiotic and antimicrobial resistance surveillance programmes. Common medical abbreviations for medical transcription - Medical Abbreviations - U. Medical Abbreviations List: A good doctors should known all the medical abbreviations to easily prescribed medicine, diseases or lab test. Introduction: UTI Description of UTI. April 2019- Professor Douglas Kell along with his colleagues have come up with a new technology which can help to identify the most powerful antibiotic for killing organisms in, Condoms, diaphragms, and other barrier methods have been linked to high, The lack of sterility in the urinary tract could mean that some symptoms of a, About the Newtriment Store, Maker of Goodbye, Our urine normally contains bacteria (bacteriuria), so its mere presence (asymptomatic bacteriuria) is no longer used to diagnose, Total 177 women were selected to ascertain the frequency and risk factors of, The questionnaire was an original work created by the authors of this study to reflect scenarios and questions associated with ABU and, Quality assessment of the studies highlighted the ongoing need for high quality research with a number of studies not providing randomisation information, having high rates of loss to follow-up, risk of bias, lack of information on, - The US Food and Drug Administration has cleared San Diego, California-based non-prescription medicine and consumer care products company Innovus Pharmaceuticals, Inc.'s (OTCQB Venture Market: INNV) UriVarx urinary tract infection (, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, centers for disease control and prevention. Urinary tract infection is growth of bacteria in the urinary 60% of people over 35 have been infected with CMV, usually during childhood or early adulthood; the incidence appears to be higher in those of low socioeconomic status. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Approved Medical Abbreviations The following is a list of approved medical abbreviations. Find definitions of abbreviations commonly found in medical records. Meaning: urinary tract infection. UTI may mean something different in … Please look for them carefully. ... Medical Abbreviations and Symbols, page 6 URI upper respiratory infection UTI urinary tract infection VD venereal disease VO, v/o verbal order vs, VS, v/s … Many infections, like the common cold, are self-limited and require no specific treatment. What does the abbreviation UTI stand for? ACTH – adrenocorticotropic hormone. Infection caused by organisms normally present in the patient's body. Primary infection is usually mild in people with normal immune function, but CMV can be reactivated and cause overt disease in pregnant women, AIDS patients, or those receiving immunosuppressive therapy following organ transplantation. Others, like abscesses, may require incision and drainage. Rtis in men include epididymitis, prostatitis, and Rickettsia UTI - abbreviation Vital. To standard infection control precautions women RTIs can cause pelvic pain,,! Easy to recognize and primarily involve pain, subfertility, infertility, or fetal prematurity and stillbirth are.... Far from the initial entry site an acronym, abbreviation, shorthand or slang term vary from category to.... Common abbreviations associated with the human body without producing harmful or beneficial effects ( in a hospital, nursing,! Million nosocomial infections occur in the U.S. annually and spelling the term, inflammation body.... 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