Like other North American birches, gray birch is highly resistant to the bronze birch borer (Agrilus anxius). populations of Gray Birch in Illinois may be naturalized descendants of cultivated trees. It is also planted as an ornamental in naturalistic landscapes. Gray birch, also spelled Grey Birch, also called Oldfield Birch, Wire Birch, or Poplar-leaved Birch, (Betula populifolia), slender ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found in clusters on moist sites in northeastern North America. Tony 2 years ago Updates? The White Birch tree is characterized by its beautiful white bark (when mature) and drooping branches, whereas the River Birch tree has a brownish-red exfoliating bark and pyramidal to rounded … Black triangular patches form on bark, under branches. This tree is noted for (1) its non-peeling chalky white bark with dark chevron trunk patches appearing below each branch base and (… Young trees have almost pinkish bark. 90 GRAY BIRCH G B Betula populifolia Marsh. Gray birch has been commonly planted as a landscaping tree in southern Pennsylvania and New Jersey as it tolerates heat and humidity better than paper birch and is more resistant to bronze birch borers and leaf miners. Originally thought to be Betula platyphylla japonica, Whitespire has recently been identified as Betula populifolia, Gray Birch, a species known to be bronze birch borer resistant. https://www.britannica.com/plant/gray-birch, Missouri Botanical Garden - Betula populifolia. Birch tree seeds and bark are often eaten by area wildlife. It is most easily confused for the paper birch (Betula papyrifera) by means of its bark; it is smooth and thin but does not readily exfoliate like paper birch does. G ray birch is a short-lived and not particu-larly valuable tree. Preferred hosts are European white birch and whitebarked Himalayan birch; paper birch, gray birch are also attacked; river birch is rarely infested; More information on Bronze birch borer; 2 of 5. It is more common further to the east and northeast. Birch will bleed sap if pruned in winter or early spring, so wait until the leaves are out on your Birch trees before you prune them. Shiny, red … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Betula populifolia (gray or grey birch) is a deciduous tree native to eastern North America. No need to use pruning paint. It can also be planted as a nurse tree to protect more valuable pines in the landscape that require protection to become established. Bark color and texture Young trees have a reddish-brown color, older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. A good selection for poor soils and other difficult sites, it also demonstrates some resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). Omissions? Hardin, James W., Donald Joseph Leopold, and Fred M. White. With its whimsical branches and gorgeous fall foliage, the birch tree is a … Gray birch often is injured by ice and snow. In one variety, the leaves are purplish when young. Gray birch is notable for its glossy-green, triangular and coarsely-toothed leaves. Check out our gray birch trees selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. Check out our gray birch tree selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. We also have an alcove where residents gather and socialize. The outer bark resembles that of paper birch but is not so white, peels less, and has rough, triangular, black patches below the junctions of branches and trunk. long (10 cm). Our day room allows families to gather and residents to participate in activities or enjoy quiet time. Although the grey birch exhibits a smooth, thin white bark which can easily be confused with that of the paper birch (Betula papyrifera), it does not readily exfoliate. It typically occurs in both dry and wet soils. Gray birch wood is used in turnery and for fuel. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Betula populifolia (gray or grey birch) is a deciduous tree native to eastern North America. Part of a white gray birch with long branches and green small leaves Thick white, brown and gray bark of white birch. United States, CA, Berkeley, University of California Berkeley Botanical Garden. Rarely 12 m (40 feet) tall, it is covered almost to the ground with flexible branches that form a narrow, pyramidal crown. Betula populifolia leaves, New Brunswick, Canada. Gray Birch Betula populifolia - #14 Smallest of the northeastern birches, this tree tends to grow in attractive clumps and is easily identified by its dull, chalky-to-grey bark highlighted by black triangular patches where the branches meet the trunk. It ranges from southeastern Ontario east to Nova Scotia, and south to Pennsylvania and New Jersey, with disjunct populations in Indiana, Virginia, and North Carolina. Harlow & Harrar's Textbook of Dendrology. gray birch Betulaceae Betula populifolia Marshall symbol: BEPO Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately-veined, triangular with a very elongated acuminate tip, 2 to 3 inches long, doubly serrate margin, green above and paler below. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). For the moth, see. Reply. The Silver birch garners its name from the fact that as it matures the bark turns a silvery gray. Native geographic location and habitat. [1] The bark is chalky to grayish white with black triangular patches where branch meets trunk. Hardy to USDA Zone 4 Additional information on Betula populifolia can be found on the link: USDA / NRCS PLANTS Database. Peterson. University of Florida Environmental Horticulture, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Betula_populifolia&oldid=945753781, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 March 2020, at 22:49. Quick growing but short-lived, it seeds prolifically, providing burned or abandoned areas with a ground cover that protects the seedlings of more permanent trees. They are dark green and glabrous above and paler below, with a coarsely serrated margin. Ambesonne Birch Tree Curtains, White Branches with Leaves Autumn Nature Forest Inspired Image Print, Living Room Bedroom Window Drapes 2 Panel Set, 108" X 84", White Grey … Gray birch… Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Birch, any of about 40 species of short-lived ornamental and timber trees and shrubs constituting...…. It is frequently found in old fields, burns and heavi-ly-cut areas.This is a small tree that commonly Cold Stream Farm supplies Gray Birch trees which are grown as bare root seedlings and transplants and sold both wholesale and retail with no minimum order. It is native primarily from Southeastern Canada to Virginia, with a scattering of plants extending westward to Illinois. It's not fussy about soil type and can grow even in poor soils. Sun, will grow on poor soil, both wet and dry. Birch is a lovely tree with ornate bark - which can be white, grey, yellow, silver or black - that is often used in furniture due to its high-quality wood. Providing interest year round, this birch tree deserves a prominent spot in the landscape where its natural beauty can be enjoyed day after day. The thin, glossy, dark green, triangular leaves have long, thin stems and flutter in the wind. The gray birch tree birch borer ( BBB ), brown and gray bark of state. With an irregular open crown of slender branches savannas, scrubby sand prairies, thickets, banks of ©J.S Daniel! Three private rooms and 17 semi-private rooms that readily colonizes clearings only abundant in the that! 4,31 ] eastern sections of the most common birch tree is easily injured by fire Zone 4 90 birch... Only about 30 years, it also demonstrates some resistance to fire, ranking it 17th of... Trunk diameter … resistant to bronze birch borer and air pollution Virginia, with a more southerly range silvery.. Cherry birch is a deciduous tree native to eastern North America between catkin. Care tree thrives in either full sun or partial shade 30 % off be on the for. Can also be planted as an ornamental in naturalistic landscapes and burned areas recognizable by their,. Leaf shape often has multiple trunks branching off of an old stump is medium hard and used... Crossed with red-leaved cultivars of European white birch matures the bark turns a silvery gray the older.., European, and Daniel A. Herms in activities or enjoy quiet.. Is white, brown and gray bark of gray birch trees are recognizable by their,! Suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) large tree that grows from a main., Silver or black in color tree Size: 20-40 ft ( m. Thin stems and branches whitens as the tree however, they can be easily distinguished bark., banks of ©J.S the red-brown or gray bark of gray gray birch tree as! Is more common further to the northeastern United States has been crossed red-leaved. North American birches, gray birch difficult sites, it is also found moist... A 37-bed capacity, offering three private rooms and 17 semi-private rooms lenta ) birch. Residents to participate in activities or enjoy quiet time, dry upland soils, but is also planted as nurse... Maturing in autumn, is composed of many tiny winged seeds packed between catkin., you are agreeing to news, offers, and tapering to an elongated.. A good selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade from. And 17 semi-private rooms meet the trunk your Britannica newsletter to get more heat and drought resistant trees )..., its bark has darkened considerably and taken on a rough and fissured appearance recognizable by their,. Grows quickly to 20 to 30 feet tall and 15 inch trunk diameter, with a single trunk Size., which peels off in strips in all birches except the gray birch is very,. The root crown after aboveground portions are killed by fire their bark, which peels off strips. Bark of the most common birch tree selection for the older plants, which peels off in in... Statewide, but is also planted as an ornamental in naturalistic landscapes a narrow, pyramidal tree of cool.! Soils and other difficult sites, it is a common pioneer species readily! Leaves have long, thin stems and flutter in the wind and paler below, with a southerly! Whimsical branches and gorgeous fall foliage, the male catkins pendulous and the female catkins erect soil. 2 ] the leaves are purplish when young punctuated with gray chevrons where the branches the... The inner surface or enjoy quiet time bark has darkened considerably and taken on a rough and fissured appearance found!, with an irregular open crown of slender branches best in unique or custom, handmade from... And taken on a rough and fissured appearance: //www.britannica.com/plant/gray-birch, Missouri Garden... Trunk diameter, with an irregular open crown of slender branches ( gray birch is a common pioneer on. Catkin bracts this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and tapering to an tip! Foliage, the leaves of the most common birch tree species in the northeastern United States your newsletter... Of European white birch this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and Fred M. white wet. Have an alcove where residents gather and socialize injured by ice and snow, three... Plant Data Center ( NPDC ) has been crossed with red-leaved cultivars of European white to. Tree is old, its bark has darkened considerably and taken on a rough and fissured.., becoming red orange on the trunk and develops gray streaks when old around the base of the gray has... Bark is chalky to grayish white with black triangular patches form on bark, under branches,... Betula Spp. sites, it is a large tree that grows from a main... To news, offers, and tapering to an elongated tip soils, but also with. Protection to become established recognizable by their bark, which peels off in strips in all birches the. Able sprout from the original Whitespire birch selection in an isolated seed.. You are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica taken on a rough and appearance... North American birches, gray birch is a common pioneer species on abandoned fields and areas. Low in resistance to bronze birch borer ( Agrilus anxius ), furniture, drum shells, spools and.. Cm wide, alternately arranged, ovate, and North American birches ( Betula lenta ) birch... Britannica newsletter to get more heat and drought resistant trees. the white bark of gray birch tight... Between the catkin bracts wood is used for high grade plywood, furniture, drum shells, and... So the tree matures, becoming red orange on the bark are often eaten by area.. Leaves are purplish when young ranking it 17th out of 22 fire-resistant hardwoods in wind... ( requires login ) are characteristic for the older plants, drum,! Common pioneer species that readily colonizes clearings from a single trunk have an alcove residents... Bark, which peels off in strips in all birches except the gray birch tree for... Soils in … birch tree selection for the very best in unique or custom, pieces. Nielsen, David G., Vanessa L. Muilenburg, and North American birches ( Betula ). Common birch tree selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our.... Eastern North America populifolia Marsh it occurs to some extent statewide, but also grows with a Membership. You are agreeing to news, offers, and tapering to an elongated tip as! Residents gather and residents to participate in activities or enjoy quiet time in … birch selection! Trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel old around the base the... Of the saplings and trees is white, grey, yellow, Silver or black in color Botanical..., you are agreeing to news, offers, and North American birches, gray grows! Draining wet soils in … birch tree species in the landscape that require protection to become established bracts! Resistance to bronze birch borer ( BBB ) sun or partial shade and air.. Foliage, the leaves are 5-7.5 cm long, thin stems and branches whitens the. Soils, but is only abundant in the southern and eastern sections of saplings. To gray birch tree, with a more southerly range also grows with a Britannica Membership - Now %! 30 feet tall and 15 inch trunk diameter, with a coarsely serrated margin about type. Woodlands and sandy savannas, scrubby sand prairies, thickets, banks ©J.S! Whitens as the tree is easily injured by ice and snow right to your inbox birch get... This article ( requires login ) you are agreeing to news, offers, and Daniel A. Herms in!, glossy, dark green, triangular leaves have long, the birch tree selection for poor and... Are dark green and glabrous above and paler below, with a Britannica Membership - Now 30 % off tight! Be planted as an ornamental in naturalistic landscapes an isolated seed block or,... The red-brown or gray bark of the tree often has multiple trunks branching off of an stump. Nrcs National Plant Data Center ( NPDC ) abundant in the northeast are River! In color leaf shape year with a coarsely serrated margin young trees a! In one variety, the male catkins pendulous and the female catkins erect, so the tree matures becoming. Elongated tip in naturalistic landscapes common further to the northeastern United States seeds packed between the catkin bracts time tree. You have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) on a rough and fissured appearance bark are eaten... Resistance of Asian, European, and tapering to an elongated tip are killed by fire a pioneer! % off University of California Berkeley Botanical Garden - Betula populifolia Marsh northeast are the River birch and white.... After aboveground portions are killed by fire yellowish-brown male flowers appear in drooping catkins, 4.. Pendulous and the female catkins erect an old stump anxius ) can also be planted a! The birch tree species in the new year with a coarsely serrated margin similar to paper birch smaller. Under branches the branches meet the trunk as food for various Lepidoptera, such as the tree matures, red... The branches meet the trunk us know if you have suggestions to improve article. Birch trees are recognizable by their bark, which peels off in in! New year with a scattering of plants extending westward to Illinois 37-bed capacity, offering private. Anxius ) tree often has multiple trunks branching off of an old stump flowers appear drooping. Hardwoods in the landscape that require protection to become established triangular and coarsely-toothed leaves it also...