etc.). For more information on reporting an invasive species, click here! These changes are considered in order to protect our environment from further damage caused by invasive plant species. Community quality of life, in both urban and rural areas, could also be reduced if ALB spreads and damages more hardwood trees in Ontario. The beetle was introduced into Canada when infested wood from plantations was used as packaging material for cargo being shipped to North America. All infested and susceptible host trees within 800 metres of the original detection site were removed and destroyed to prevent the beetle from spreading further. Many species at risk are found within Ontario’s hardwood forests, so their survival is also at risk with this potential decline of forest health (City of Toronto, 2015). Asian Longhorned Beetle and it's SE US lookalikes; Asian Longhorned Beetle Fact Sheet; Asian Longhorned Beetle PowerPoint; For More Information. The Situation: An exotic long-horned beetle was first discovered attacking ornamental trees in New York City and Chicago. The following information below link to resources that have been created by external organizations. Javal M, Roux G, Roques A, Sauvard D, 2018. The beetle was introduced into Canada when infested wood from plantations was used as packaging material for cargo being shipped to North America. including firewood and logs. In 1998, an infestation was found in Chicago. Known infestations currently exist in New York, New Jersey, Chicago, Toronto, France, Austria and Germany. The Asian longhorned beetle (ALHB, Anoplophora glabripennis) is a highly destructive wood-boring pest of maples and other hardwood trees including poplar, birch and willow. The Asian Long-horned Beetle is an invasive insect which made its way to North America about 20 years ago, most likely hitching a ride in pallet wood coming from Asia. The hardwood species that the beetle attacks make up a large proportion of both natural and urban forest canopies across Canada. Ongoing monitoring efforts are now on-going to ensure this infestation has been contained (OMNRF, 2014). The Asian Longhorn Beetle is an invasive species native to China. In Ontario, full development of ALB populations has been observed on maples (Acer spp. Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky, is native to Asia (principally China) and invasive in parts of western Europe, and in several American cities, where eradication efforts are underway. Female adult beetles chew a shallow, oval-shaped pit into the bark or branches of a host tree to deposit an egg. From 2004-2007, an additional 40 infested trees were detected and removed each year, less than 15 infested trees were found in 2007, and no infested trees were found for the remainder of the surveys (NRCAN, 2011). Deciphering the worldwide invasion of the Asian longhorned beetle: a recurrent invasion process from the native area together with a bridgehead effect. This one invasive species had the potential to impact tourism and social values, create losses in the billion dollar hardwood and maple syrup industries, and cause widespread and immeasurable impacts on native forests. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) acted quickly to address the infestation. The Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis) is a wood-boring beetle believed to have been introduced into the U.S. on wood pallets and wood packing material in cargo shipments from Asia (the beetle’s native range includes China and Korea). The Asian Longhorned Beetle is an invasive pest that kills trees. The EAB attacks and kills >99% of ash trees, so an ‘ash-free zone’ was established where all potential host trees were removed in an attempt to stop EAB spread. Asian Longhorned Beetle Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), referred to as the Asian longhorned beetle (ALB), is one of the more recently introduced non-native invasive species with potential to become a major pest in the United States. In December 2013, an adult beetle was collected and positively identified as ALB in an industrial area of Mississauga, outside of the original regulated area. Origin Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky, is native to Asia (principally China) and invasive in parts of western Europe, and in several American cities, where eradication efforts are underway. What it is: Big, shiny-black beetle with white spots. Native to East Asia. The beetle chews its way into hardwood trees to lay eggs. It is important to remain vigilant as individual detections (not established populations) do occur. Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis, is a recently introduced pest from China. Unfortunately, a new infestation was detected in Mississauga in 2013. wooden pallets, crates, boxes, This feeding effectively cuts off the tree's food supply and starves it to the point of death. Host species. Ongoing monitoring efforts are now on-going to ensure this infestation has been contained (, OFAH/OMNR Invading Species Awareness Program, 2012, D-11-05 – Phytosanitary Requirements for Non-Manufactured and Non-Propagative Wood Products to Prevent the Introduction from the Continental United States and Spread Within Canada of the Asian Long-horned Beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky), D-02-12 – Import requirements of non-manufactured wood and other non-propagative wood products, except solid wood packaging material, from all areas other than the continental United States, D-01-12 – Phytosanitary Requirements for the Importation and Domestic Movement of Firewood, D-98-08 – Entry Requirements for Wood Packaging Materials Produced in All Areas Other Than the Continental United States, Survey Guidelines for Asian Longhorned Beetle (, Lignes directrices pour les enquêtes sur le longicorne asiatique (. These trees hold a disproportionate control over the structure and function of the ecosystem, and their loss can cause widespread ecological damage. 2017. Invading Species – Asian Long-horned Beetle Profile, Asian Long-horned Beetle: An unwanted invasive species, Natural Resources Canada – Asian Long-horned Beetle Profile, Ontario Government – Asian Long-horned Beetle Profile, Tree Canada – Asian Long-horned Beetle Profile, 1219 Queen St. E ALB was first detected in an industrial area north of Toronto in September 2003. The intentional removal of host trees from these regulated areas is a labour-intensive and expensive operation, however these impacts are only a small fraction of the potential economic, ecological, and social impacts created if the ALB were to permanently establish in Canada. The Asian longhorn beetle attacks hardwood tree species in the eastern United States, including many that are valued in both urban and forested areas. You can help protect your community from this invasive insect: Asian longhorned beetle: An unwanted invasive species, report suspect ALHB or ALHB tree damage to 1-800-442-2342, Similar in size to ALHB, but flattened and has alternating transverse black P: (705) 541-5790 Unfortunately, the celebrations were short-lived. This insect pest poses a serious risk to trees and forests. “Invasive” refers to a species that has moved outside of its native habitat and threatens the new environment, economy or society by disrupting local ecosystems. All infested trees found between 2003 and 2004 were removed and the wood was chipped. The developed larvae initially feed in the cambium region under the bark, and eventually tunnel deeper into the tree. Contact your local forestry professionals for information on what to plant. It lives in hardwood trees and often kills the trees it targets, so federal and local governments in the U.S. have been monitoring the species and using eradication efforts in effect to stop its spread. long (color pattern is opposite cottonwood borer). Tree removal efforts focused on four preferred tree hosts for ALB: maple, poplar, willow, and birch. Download the CFIA's fact page for quick identification of signs and symptoms of the Asian Longhorned beetle here. ALB larvae tunnel deep into the trunk and branches of many hardwood species. After its first detection in 2003, the CFIA implemented an eradication program in 2004 to quickly respond to the threat of ALB. See More. The Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis, "ALB"), a pest of hardwood trees including maple, birch and horse chestnut, was first discovered in Worcester, Massachusetts in 2008.Since their discovery, $50 million in federal and state money has been spent to eradicate the beetle, and 25,000 infested trees in the Worcester area have been cut down in an effort to halt the spread. First, a quarantine zone of about 150km, All infested trees found between 2003 and 2004 were removed and the wood was chipped. Each tree that was removed was carefully inspected by researchers for signs of ALB damage and then destroyed. Following positive detection of Asian longhorned beetle, trees identified to be infested or high-risk are removed and destroyed by chipping. This borer attacks a variety of hardwood trees. To date, 15 states, British Columbia, and Ontario have reported ALB interceptions (City of Toronto, 2015). To see the current EDDMapS distribution map, click on the map below. When prevention is not possible, ‘early detection and rapid response’ is advocated as the best strategy to combat an introduced invasive species. ALB was first detected in the US and Canada in the early 1990s at several ports. The Asian long-horned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis), native to China and Korea, is a major pest of many hardwood trees, especially species of maple, boxelder, horsechestnut, buckeye, willow, and elm. The adult insect is shiny black with prominent irregular white spots, long antennae with black and white banding. Unfortunately, a new infestation was discovered in Mississauga, Ontario in 2013, and eradication and quarantine efforts are currently in place to stop its spread. “Public participation is the key to early detection,” said Rob Miller, invasive species prevention and response specialist with the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development. All infested and susceptible host trees within 800 metres of the original detection site were removed and destroyed to prevent the beetle from spreading further. It has distinct bluish-white legs and long black and white segmented antennae. ALB attack maple and other hardwood trees. The Asian longhorned beetle was first detected in the U.S. in 1996, when a Brooklyn, New York resident noticed a large, black beetle with irregular white spots and black-and-white banded antennae and reported it. The larvae overwinter in the tree, until pupation occurs in April or May. You can help stop an Asian longhorned beetle invasion by: For more tips, check out the Forest Invasives Canada Quick Tips Page! By: Liam Brechin, ISC Business Development & Communications Intern. Towards successful eradication of the Asian longhorned beetle: Early detection & rapid response. A regulated area, from which nursery stock, wood products, and tree materials are not to be moved, has been put in place in efforts to contain and eliminate the forest pest (CFIA, 2014). The Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALB) was found in Worcester, MA in August 2008 and in Boston in July 2010. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo. This is the quick action that is required to control an invasive pest outbreak, and prevent the species from becoming established on the Canadian landscape. Detections of this pest have since been made in most states in the northeastern portion of the United States as well as in California beginning in 1996. 2016 Nov 11;17(1):227. ); however, the beetle has the potential to infest a wide range of other hardwood species (OMNRF, 2014). Any widespread tree loss due to ALB has the potential to impact tourism and recreation values, due to the loss of aesthetic values that trees and forests possess. Contact your local County Extension Office or your local Georgia Forestry Commission Office or the Georgia Dept. The first North American discovery of Asian longhorned beetle was in New York City in 1996. Does European Gypsy Moth Want to Take a Bite Out of Ontario’s Maple Syrup Production? The rate of development depends on temperatures during the growing season; therefore, a portion of the population can take two years, rather than one, to complete its life cycle. Eggs resemble grains of rice, and could take a week to several months to develop into larvae. ALHB infests and kills healthy trees, devastating urban and rural communities. This was done to develop a comprehensive understanding of the beetle’s behaviour in the Canadian context, to be used for future detection, training, and management (NRCan, 2014). Clemson University Invasive Species Program. Suspect finds should also be reported to the CFIA cfia.surveillance-surveillance.acia@canada.ca. The Asian longhorned beetle (ALB) is a wood-boring insect native to China and Korea. Editor: National Invasive Species Awareness Week is March 3-8. The Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis, is extremely destructive to hardwood trees, with the potential to wipe out entire populations of trees in a short period of time.This beetle has not been found in Maryland. Signs of infestation by ALB include (City of Toronto, 2015): Asian longhorned beetles create large (1.5 – 2 cm diameter) exit holes on the trunk and branches of host trees. Scientists now believe that EAB could have been present in Ontario up to 10 years prior to its initial detection. A long-horned beetle has been discovered attacking ornamental trees in New York City and Chicago. Asian longhorned beetle has irregular white spots along its body. If ALB is not contained, it has the potential to devastate Canadian forests, especially when combined with the damage caused by emerald ash borer and other invasive forest pests. Another key factor in mitigating the impacts of the Asian longhorned beetle and other invasive species is keeping our urban forest diverse and healthy.” The beetle’s larvae fed on the trunk and branches of trees, and eventually filled the trees with holes causing the trees to die. If you have found a suspect Asian longhorned beetle and/or its habitat, download and complete the following sampling protocols: When conducting surveys in accordance with this protocol, please contact the CFIA so all partner activities can be tracked as part of the national surveillance efforts. It was introduced to North America in the 1990’s through untreated wooden shipping pallets. (OFAH/OMNR Invading Species Awareness Program, 2012). Th… Native to China and Korea, the beetles are approximately 1.5 Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky, is native to Asia (principally China) and invasive in parts of western Europe, and in several American cities, where eradication efforts are underway. This restricted the movement of wood and wood products out of this zone (NRCan, 2014). ALHB is native to Asia and can be introduced into Canada with In some cases, however, early detection and rapid response can be very effective and successful. Locations of Asian longhorned beetle found since 1996. Learn how to identify the invasive Asian Longhorned Beetle in this fast paced video field guide. Many susceptible trees around the infested areas were removed in hopes of stopping the spread of the beetle. Once in a new environment, ALHB can disperse naturally or PDF (1,382 kb). The tunnels created by the larvae hinder the tree’s ability to transport water and nutrients and eventually kills it. In addition, another 12,500 nearby trees that were considered susceptible to infestation were also cut down and chipped (NRCan, 2014). 1. Adult: Shiny black with prominent, irregular white spots, 2-4 cm in length. Invasive Beetle Species Asian Long-Horned Beetle. THE ASIAN LONGHORNED BEETLE The Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis), or ALB, is an invasive insect that feeds on a wide variety of trees in the United States, eventually killing them. Learn how to identify the invasive Asian Longhorned Beetle in this fast paced video field guide. Asian longhorned beetle (ALB) larvae bore through wood of a wide variety of hardwood species, most notibly maples, elm, horsechestnut, willow, sycamore and birch. In some cases, when an invasive species is first detected in a forest or urban area, it has already spread much further than expected, and it may not be possible to eradicate. It was first discovered in the U.S. in New York in 1996, and has also been found in Chicago and New Jersey. Never moving firewood, nursery stock, or other tree materials outside of regulated areas. First confirmed sighting of a new invasive in North America: elm zigzag sawfly, Oval-shaped egg pits dug on trunk, branches, or exposed roots, Large round exit holes (1.5-2 cm diameter). Asian Long-Horned Beetle. The beetle completes most of its life cycle inside the host tree, with adults emerging in spring. Again, early detection of the new infestation allowed for rapid response by dedicated researchers and technicians. Photo: Asian longhorned beetle with wing exposed under elytron (wing cap). Asian longhorned beetle Anoplophora glabripennis Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis) is an insect pest of hardwood trees.It is a native of China and was first detected in New York in 1996. ALB has … Federal Deregulation of Emerald Ash Borer December 18, 2020. Asian longhorned beetle: An unwanted invasive species (bilingual sign) PDF (266 kb) The Asian longhorned beetle (ALHB) is a highly destructive wood-boring pest of maples and other hardwood trees including poplar, birch and willow. The Asian longhorned beetle, or ALB, (Anoplophora glabripennis) is an invasive wood-boring insect that feeds on a variety of hardwoods including maple, birch, elm, ash, poplar, horsechestnut, and willow, among others.Native to China and Korea, the beetles are approximately 1.5 inches long and shiny black, with white spots on their wing cases. This area continues to be very closely monitored for any new signs of ALB, and if discovered, any suspect trees will be promptly removed and destroyed. Asian longhorned beetle (ALB) is an insect native to several Asian countries, including China and Korea. This borer attacks a variety of hardwood trees. The sap of giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum), an invasive forest plant, can cause serious burns to the skin and should be avoided.Also, if threatened, the Asian longhorned beetle can deliver a painful bite. The Asian longhorned beetle regulated area. It is believed to have entered the United States inside solid wood packing material from China (USDA – Forest Service 2002). This beetle poses a serious threat to forests of the northeast and maple syrup production. The eggs produce larvae and those larvae tunnel deep under the bark and feed on living tree tissue. Using knowledge gathered during the first eradication of the insect, a new eradication plan has quickly been put in place. Genome of the Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis), a globally significant invasive species, reveals key functional and evolutionary innovations at the beetle-plant interface. 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