The leaves are also appealing. Grows to 20-30ft (6-9m.) This typically appears as a yellow gold that is consistent throughout the canopy. Some kinds of bark actually sparkle in the winter sunlight like both white and yellow birch. Birch species are generally small to medium-size trees or shrubs, mostly of temperate climates. Furrowed : This bark is the most common type of bark out there, and this is what most people think of when you talk about tree bark. E peeking out from behind a beech tree. Extirpated. As Hunker points out, "Beech trees have a light gray bark, and cherry trees have a red-brown bark. Despite the serious competition, the Himalayan birch may have the most impressive white bark of any birch species. We are independently owned and the opinions expressed here are our own. Commonly found in and around swamps and floodplains (hence the name), the River Birch can be identified by its unique gray and brown bark that peels away in thin, papery sheets. But regardless of potential pests, this tree is still worth planting. Closely related to other North American birches. In fall they turn golden yellow. The leaves of those two species are nearly identical. This tree lives for only about 25 years. The bark of the saplings and trees is white, but punctuated with gray chevrons where the branches meet the trunk. The compact nature of this deciduous plant allows for it to be planted in small residential gardens. Since the pre-colonial era, people have found a great use for the paper birch. Bark is an important clue in identifying trees, especially in winter when the bark stands out against the white snow. They are typically small to medium-sized trees and shrubs found in temperate zones in the Northern Hemisphere. There are often shallow, horizontal fissures in the bark, as well as dark triangular patches where branches meet the trunk. This species is sometimes intentionally planted to shelter plantings of more desireable tree species that require some initial shelter. However, they can be easily distinguished by … This bark is a very dark brown. Bark does not peel. Elm trees can be identified by their gray bark with deep furrows, pointed oval leaves that have double-serrated margins, and their large sprawling canopy. Bright green leaves turn a yellow fall color. These small fuzzy hairs are the reason why this birch is sometimes called hairy birch as an alternative. Gray Birch tree leaves are 2-3 inches long and grow in an elongated triangle shape. But despite its lovely appearance and other benefits, black birch remains far less available in nursery stock. The true downside to the gray birch is its life span. Because of this consistent browsing, it can be a challenge for yellow birch saplings to establish themselves. Ask most people to describe a tree’s bark and they’ll say “gray” or “brown” and leave it at that. Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch, golden birch, or swamp birch, is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America.Its vernacular names refer to the color of the tree's bark. Often multi-stem, this medium to fast-growing tree lives both in the woods and in residential yards. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program. gray birch Betulaceae Betula populifolia Marshall symbol: BEPO Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately-veined, triangular with a very elongated acuminate tip, 2 to 3 inches long, … Birch is the name of a certain tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. The drooping form of this tree is what makes it stand out among other birches. The Spruce / Letícia Almeida. Seeds require a period of cold before germination, and some germinate in the spring, but germination rate in a given year is low. These plants vary in size, shape, and coloration. 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