In two cases, the collars were removed, in two cases, changed to another collar and in the final case, the animal was euthanized due to severe wounds. For this type of trap, wounds seem to appear when the roe deer are removed from the trap. There are a number of reasons for the live trapping of deer. 2009). A rudimentary snare can be constructed by allowing the cable to hang from a branch so that the bottom loop rests about three or four feet off the ground. Temperatures normally range from −20 °C in winter up to 25 °C in summer, with an average annual precipitation of 670  mm. In addition, animal behaviour while inside a trap analyses can provide important information about injury avoidance, and about behaviour and habituation. Therefore, keeping the procedure as constant as possible seems to be important and will probably increase animal welfare during recaptures. Firstly, fresh blood is often evident on removal, and secondly, only one out of 14 roe deer filmed in a trap showed some behaviour that could result in wounding before removal. Run the aircraft cable to a branch or tree thick enough to resist breaking under the force of a deer. In addition, these two individuals also had high handling scores, 3 and 4, respectively. Overall, we conclude that this method of capture and handling had very low impact on the welfare or survival of roe deer, which also habituated to recapture over successive events. Regular hunting has been permitted in the area over most of the years that data was collected for this study, including hunting of marked animals for the last 20 years. At each of the two investigated trap sites, two cameras were recording inside two of the box-traps, and one larger camera was recording outside the site. Appl Anim Behav Sci 47:247–253, Powell RA, Proulx G (2003) Trapping and marking terrestrial mammals for research: integrating ethics, performance criteria, techniques, and common sense. It is dropped when deer are under the net. 2002 Takahashi et al. European Journal of Wildlife Research During the first hour after capture, animals typically stand very tense between eating bouts. In addition, there were an interaction between the total number of captures, sex and age (Fig. However, if the roe deer instead find the trap and handling very aversive, we expect low recapture frequencies and also increasing levels of stress and struggling with increasing numbers of recaptures (Rushen 1996). Biol Conserv 143:1329–1341, Gibbons JM, Lawrence AB, Haskell MJ (2011) Consistency of flight speed and response to restraint in a crush in dairy cattle. Contact the municipality that granted you your hunting license and inquire about materials that can be used to hunt or trap deer. • We recorded recaptures, injuries and behaviour during restraint in box-traps. For all roe deer with a handling score on the first capture (we started in 2008), we found that behaviour at first capture did not differ between those that were not recaptured and those with one or several consecutive recaptures (Mann-Whitney U test; U = 3542, Z = −26, n The new Fenn Box is a high quality, strong, green powder coated metal tunnel with a Mk6 Fenn trap secured inside the box. From the ordinal logistic regression for the handling score, we found an effect of the total number of captures, age and id. Google Scholar, Boissy A (1995) Fear and fearfulness in animals. Part of Springer Nature. J Wildlife Dis 36:450–459, Réale D, Gallant BY, Leblanc L, Festa-Bianchet M (2000) Consistency of temperament in bighorn ewes and correlates with behaviour and life history. 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