It is a popular treatment for common skin complaints like psoriasis and eczema. The plant bleeds or leaks the Balm of Gilead, where it can be collected, processed, and applied for a number of purposes. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. [14], Many attempts have been made to identify the tsori, but none can be considered conclusive. Assuming that the tsori was a plant product, several plants have been proposed as its source. Gesenius, Hebrew commentators (Kimchi, Junius, Tremellius, Deodatius), and the Authorized Version (except in Ezek. The resin in its buds is a great remedy for various Skin Problems. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Prosper Alpinus relates that forty plants were brought by a governor of Cairo to the garden there, and ten remained when Belon travelled in Egypt, but only one existed in the 18th century. [2], In the later days of Jewish history, the neighborhood of Jericho was believed to be the only spot where the true balsam grew, and even there its culture was confined to two gardens, the one twenty acres in extent, the other much smaller (Theophrastus). Balm of Gilead is made with the buds of any poplar species. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. For the internal treatment of chest congestion, balm of Gilead is made into a tincture or a syrup. 9:6; Strabo 16:763; Pausanias 9.28.2). 26a). The Balm of Gilead has a number of potential uses that can benefit your health. Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine. ." At present our information about this plant is limited to a list of the nurseries that supply it. New York: Pocket Books, 1990. The expression stems from William Tyndale's language in the King James Bible of 1611, and has come to signify a universal cure in figurative speech. [3], Celsius (in Hierobotanicon) identified the tsori with the mastic tree, Pistacia lentiscus L. The Arabic name of this plant is dseri or dseru, which is identical with the Hebrew tsori. In time we will be adding more details including a description, growing information, advice and photographs. [27][28] The Aramaic tserua (ܨܪܘܐ) has been described as the fruit of Pinus pinea L., but it has also been held for stacte or storax. When Jacob dispatched his embassy into Egypt, his present to the unknown ruler included "a little balm" (Gen. 43:11). Here are four species from four different families—three trees and a herbaceous perennial—with little in common save an aromatic scent and the name balm-of-Gilead. Balm of Gilead is also very helpful for various skin conditions. [3] In the 19th century it was discovered in the East Indies also. 5:6); and the far-famed tree excited the cupidity of successive invaders. 19 Dec. 2020 . [13] The similar word tsori (צֹרִי) denotes the adjective "Tyrean", i. e. from the Phoenician city of Tyre. [6], In the Talmud, balsam appears as an ointment which was a highly praised product of the Jericho plain (Shab. [4], Dioscorides (De materia medica) attributes many medical properties to balsam, such as expelling menstrual flow; being an abortifacient; moving the urine; assisting breathing and conception; being an antidote for aconitum and snakebite; treating pleurisy, pneumonia, cough, sciatica, epilepsy, vertigo, asthma, and gripes. [30], The lexicographer Bar Seroshewai considered the Arabic dseru (ﺿﺮﻭ), a tree of Yemen known as kamkam (ﮐﻤﮑﺎﻡ) or kankam (ﮐﻨﮑﺎﻡ), Syriac qazqamun (ܩܙܩܡܘܢ), Greek κάγκαμον, Latin cancamum, mentioned by Dioscorides (De materia medica 1.32) and Pliny (Hist. The weeping prophet, ... confused with some of the other plants used for balm, especially myrrh, I want to refer to it again and draw upon some recent research. [1], In the Bible, balsam is designated by various names: בֹּשֶׂם (bosem), בֶּשֶׂם (besem), צֳרִי (ẓori), נׇטׇף (nataf), and in rabbinic literature, קׇטׇף (kataf), בַּלְסׇם (balsam), אַפּוֹבַּלְסַמוֹן (appobalsamon), and אֲפַרְסְמוֹן (afarsemon). The Egyptian town of Ain Shams was renowned for its balsam-garden, which was cultivated under the supervision of the government. In ancient times, true Balm of Gilead, also known as Judaean Balsam, is said to have only grown around the Dead Sea; but for many centuries has been extinct from the region. It … [5], In the era of Galen, who flourished in the second century, and travelled to Palestine and Syria purposely to obtain a knowledge of this substance, it grew in Jericho and many other parts of the Holy Land. 14.4.1; 15.4.2; War 1.6.6); and after the destruction of the state of Judea, these plantations formed a lucrative source of the Roman imperial revenue (see Diodorus Siculus 2:48). incense-tree Sold in 75mm tube pot. Family: Mint (Lamiaceae) Hardy to Zone 9 to 12. By the 19th century, there appeared to be none. The leaves are uncharacteristic to the lamiaceae–compound and shiny, on sweeping stems. [6] Bruce found the plant occurring in Abyssinia. [29][31][32] Cancamon has been held for Commiphora kataf,[32] but also as Aleurites laccifer (Euphorbiaceae), Ficus spec. [18] Palladius names it βάλσαμος and also has βαλσαμουργός, a preparer of balsam. Balm of Gilead is a small tree to 4m (12ft) with spreading branches like wands and reddish-brown bark. Physical Characteristics. in Jer. 12:54), the balsam-tree was indigenous only to Judea, but known to Diodorus Siculus (3:46) as a product of Arabia also. Small reddish flowers are followed by pea-sized reddish-grey berries. However, its main use was medicinal rather than cosmetic. In summer the tree exudes a sweet-smelling resinous juice. Balm of Gilead: Ancient Plants Revived in Time for Third Temple? Tree ferns grow in tropical and sub-tropical regions, particularly moist mountainous areas. 27:17, rosin) have balm, balsam, Greek βάλσαμον, Latin opobalsamum. Nat. As it is an Arabian shrub that also may have been present in parts of Egypt, its use dates back thousands of years. The tree is a member of the Bursera family. ), and Amyris opobalsamum L., the variant found by Belon in a garden near Cairo, brought there from Arabia Felix. Still other seed fell on good soil. 8:22, 46:11, 51:8. - 1 Balm of Gilead Herb Plant in a 50 X 75mm tube - General growing instructions All of our Herb Plants are grown organically with certified organic potting mixes and fertilizers. Balm of Gilead ( Cammiphora opobalsamum, known as Populus candicans in the United States) is a substance used in perfumes that is derived from the resinous juices of the balsam poplar tree. Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine. The leaves are divided into groups of three, small and sparse. I had several questions, and my reference material was pretty useless in answering them, so I thought I’d turn to you folks, as you seem extremely knowledgeable. Balm has a warm camphor scent that is both refreshing and healing. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. In the Bible, balsam is designated by various names: בֹּשֶׂם (bosem), בֶּשֶׂם (besem), צֳרִי (ẓori), נׇטׇף (nataf), and in rabbinic literature, קׇטׇף (kataf), בַּלְסׇם (balsam), אַפּוֹבַּלְסַמוֹן (appobalsamon), and אֲפַרְסְמוֹן (afarsemon). Balm of Gilead may also help treat arthritis, muscle pain, headaches and congestion. Balm of Gilead is a perennial growing to 90cm x 90cm. For 1,000 years, ancient Hebrew farmers in this area were the only ones in the world known to cultivate this exotic plant, using it for medicinal and cosmetic purposes. [16] ὁπο-βάλσᾰμον (Theophrastus) is the juice of the balsam tree. Over 81,000 plants and where to buy them Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Balm of Gilead tincture is often preferred for Laryngitis, Painful Throat and Bronchitis. Zukum oil was in very high esteem among the Arabs, who even preferred it to the balm of Mecca, as being more efficacious in wounds and bruises. Grow in rich moist soil. [3] According to De Sacy, the true balm of Gilead (or Jericho) has long been lost, and there is only "balm of Mecca". Balm plant, Cedronella canariensis, is also known as Balm of Gilead. Balm of Gilead (Cammiphora opobalsamum, known as Populus candicans in the United States) is a substance used in perfumes that is derived from the resinous juices of the balsam poplar tree. Its height does not exceed two cubits. -Advertisement- Abies balsamea (AY-beez ball-sum-EE-uh) is an evergreen tree of the pine family (pictured above) that is native to eastern North America and hardy in Zones 3 to 5. Much inferior to this is the resin pressed from the seeds, the rind, and even from the stems (see Theophrastus, Hist. [4], Linnaeus distinguished two varieties: Amyris gileadensis L. (= Amyris opobalsamum Forsk. It is a merchandise in Gen. 37:28 and Ez. Cedronella canariensis is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in). 12.44; 12.98). It can also be combined with coltsfoot to make a cough suppressant. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. [4], Pliny distinguishes three different species of this plant; the first with thin, capillaceous leaves; the second a crooked scabrous shrub; and the third with smooth rind and of taller growth than the two former. Maundrell found zukum-trees near the Dead Sea. Balm is native to the Canary Islands and North Africa and prefers a moist, rich soils in a sunny to part shaded position. Serrated green leaves are highly aromatic of citrus and camphor. [8] Young women used it as a perfume to seduce young men (Lam. 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