The "gray-headed junco" has a brown back and gray sides and lives in the central Rocky Mountains. The first is used for drying off. The Ornäs birch is the national tree of Sweden. 716 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). Legs pink. In Celtic cultures, the birch symbolises growth, renewal, stability, initiation and adaptability because it is highly adaptive and able to sustain harsh conditions with casual indifference. Water the river birch tree once every 3 to 5 days in the spring. Plus, River Birches … The river birch likes moist soil and should receive between 30 and 40 gallons of water a month, rainfall included. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Birch bark can be soaked until moist in water, and then formed into a cast for a broken arm. I will review important information about this beautiful and strong US native tree. Some trees may have naturalized in the wild from yards and gardens, but several populations in New England are native, and the species is listed as rare in New Hampshire and Massachusetts. Here is some detailed information on birch trees. Birch sap can be used to make birch syrup, which is used like maple syrup for pancakes and waffles. * Eyes dark. Lined with fine grass stems, hair, or moss setae. Other Names Song is a musical trill. Reproduction Birch trees are recognizable by their bark, which peels off in strips in all birches except the gray birch. Classic, Fast-Growing Ornamental Tree Why Heritage® River Birch Trees? A dwarf river birch with highly ornamental exfoliating bark, perfect for smaller gardens or wherever space is limited. (A short story with about 5500 words). Bark contains substances such as betulin and betulinic acid that are used in the pharmaceutical industry. * "Pink-sided junco" with pearly gray hood, lighter throat, small black mask (eyes and lores), dull brown back, pinkish cinnamon sides and flanks. Young trees have smooth bark. Used by the Native American Indians as the center pole in yurts & tee pees. Nolan, V., Jr., E. D. Ketterson, D. A. Cristol, C. M. Rogers, E. D. Clotfelter, R. C. Titus, S. J. Schoech, and E. Snajdr. It is located located on the southern edge of Wood Buffalo National Park in northern Alberta and is twice the width of the Hoover dam which spans 1,244 ft (379 m). They construct their homes, or "lodges," out of sticks, twigs, and mud in lakes, streams, and tidal river deltas. If you are looking for a river birch tree, this is the blog for you. Their beautiful leaves and bark make them a … In addition to the river birch, which we mentioned earlier, there are at least 10 birch species native to North America, and much more native to Europe and Asia. Pruning is necessary for young river birch trees and for older ones at selective times to ensure adequate health. Ancient Siberians hailed it as sacred – calling it the ladder that spanned the gap between heaven & Earth. It prefers sandy, moist, acidic soil and full sun. Many Native Americans in the United States prized the birch for its bark, which because of its light weight, flexibility, and the ease with which it could be stripped from fallen trees, was often used for the construction of strong, waterproof but lightweight canoes, bowls, and wigwams. * No other sparrow is so plainly marked with white outer tail feathers. Breeds in coniferous and mixed forest. The paper birch tree is also known as the American White Birch or the Canoe Birch. Junco ardoise (French) The fur has a range of colors but usually is dark brown. The trees are cut down using their strong incisor teeth. Besides providing a safe home for the beaver, beaver ponds also provide habitat for waterfowl, fish, and other aquatic animals. They are often planted in clusters of three to create beautiful grouping. And then there's the river birch with its brown feathery bark. River birch trees, which grow in an oval shape, are extremely attractive, no matter the season. Dark-eyed Junco Two other forms may be distinguishable: the "pink-sided junco," a pale version of the Oregon junco, living in the northern Rocky Mountains, and the "red-backed junco," a gray-headed junco with a dark upper bill, found in mountains near the Mexican border. The river birch is a medium-sized deciduous tree extending from New England, west to Kansas. A small air hole is left in the top of the lodge. The dams also flood areas of surrounding forest, giving the beaver safe access to an important food supply, which is the leaves, buds, and inner bark of growing trees. The dam is constructed using sections of deciduous trees, especially birch, aspen, willow and poplar. Noteworthy Characteristics. Bark of the birch can be white, grey, yellow, silver or black in color. They maintain their pond-habitat by reacting quickly to the sound of running water, and damming it up with tree branches and mud. In a single year, a fully grown birch tree produces roughly one million seeds. Some researchers have shown that the sound of running water dictates when and where a beaver builds its dam. "This beaver is the largest rodent in North America and the third largest rodent in the world, after the South American capybara and the Eurasian beaver. Immature Food For starters, it's resistant to common diseases, grows up to 2 to 3 feet each year, and adapts to a variety of soil types. Pollen grains released by the birch tree are responsible for 15 to 20% cases of hay fever in northern hemisphere. Adults usually weigh 15 to 35 kg (33–77 lbs), with 20 kg (44 lbs) a typical mass, and measure around 1 m (3.3 ft) in total body length. * "White-winged junco" pale gray back, hood, and sides, with two weak white wingbars, and much white in the tail. The tree requires an acid soil, otherwise it becomes chlorotic. Facts. The unwebbed front paws are smaller, with claws. River Birch Tree Facts River birch trees ( Betula nigra ) are hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. Birch is the name of a certain tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to … Nest an open cup with foundation of rootlets, dried leaves, moss, and bark strips. Strange occurrences began happening. In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. With care, it can be split into very thin sheets that will ignite from even the smallest of sparks. Calls a hard "tick," "smack," and a short twittering trill. River birch trees (Betula nigra) add focal interest and light shade to the garden. Deep ridges on the bark are characteristic for the older plants. Like the capybara, the beaver is semi-aquatic. * Juncos are the "snowbirds" of the middle latitudes. Its scientific name is Betula Papyrifera, and it belongs to the family of Betulaceae.Before we go on with knowing more about this tree, let’s have a look at the table given below which shows the scientific facts and classification of the paper birch. Dry conditions are unfavorable for the tree due to its shallow root system. Extracts of birch are used for flavoring or leather oil, and in cosmetic industry for the production of soaps and shampoos. Staying at a dark secluded cabin along the Birch River that his uncle owned seemed like the perfect fly fishing weekend getaway for Paul. * "Slate-colored junco" uniformly colored, with pale brown to dark gray back, hood, and sides. Male flowers, called catkins, bloom in the late summer or fall. Birch is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Betulaceae. It burns well, without popping, even when frozen and freshly hewn. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State.In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. The birch tree that most of us are familiar with has strikingly white, papery bark. The eyes are covered by a nictitating membrane which allows the beaver to see underwater. Female flowers bloom in pairs or singly in the early spring before the leaves. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State.In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. A beautiful, fast-growing shade tree that thrives from North to South, the Dura Heat® River Birch is one-of-a-kind. There are about 60 different species of birch. Birch trees thrive in moist soil and full sunlight. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. Clutch Size Both are favorite choices for landscaping yards. Betula nigra, the river birch, is a very common shade tree in the Midwest. * Size: 14-16 cm (6-6 in) River birches grow best in moist soil in full sun in USDA zones 4 to 9. Some juncos in the Appalachian Mountains remain there all year round, breeding at the higher elevations. This insulates the water below it and keeps the pond open at that location. The fruit is small although the wings may be obscure in some species. Summer Range In their mature state, the trees have cinnamon-colored bark that curls and peels, and they feature triangular-shaped, glossy green leaves that are 2 to 3 inches in length. Asked March 29, 2015, 7:29 PM EDT We have a 12 year old Heritage River Birch tree that is planted approximately 10 feet from our neighbor's driveway on its south side and the same distance from the street on its west side. A fast-growing shade tree, river birch (Betula nigra) is the most widely adapted of the birch trees.It is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9a.In USDA zones 8b and 9a, river birch needs regular irrigation to survive the heat. Birch is the national tree of Finland. A North American birch with shaggy reddish-brown or orange bark, black birch: birch of swamps and river bottoms throughout the eastern United States having reddish-brown bark. Incubation period 12-13 days. * Wingspan: 18-25 cm (7-10 in) River Birch Tree Is Dropping Long Worm-Like Seeds And Small Yellow Things; River Birch Has Not Leafed Out And Has New Growth Only On Trunk; Clump Heritage Birch Tree Is Losing More Limbs Than Usual; River Birch Tree Has Hole And Dark Areas On Trunk; How To Stop A Cut Tree … A widespread and common small sparrow, the Dark-eyed Junco is most familiar as a winter visitor to bird feeders. Data from Project FeederWatch show that it is often the most common feeder bird in an area, and it is on the top-ten lists of all regions except the Southeast and South-Central (where it is 11th and 12th, respectively). Their front paws are used for digging and carrying and placing materials. Forages in flocks. Betula nigra, the black birch, river birch or water birch, is a species of birch native to the Eastern United States from New Hampshire west to southern Minnesota, and south to northern Florida and west to Texas. Deep ridges on the bark are characteristic for the older plants. Their dams help reduce soil erosion and can help reduce flooding. © 2003 Cornell Lab of Ornithology In The Birds of North America, No. The Roman period Vindolanda tablets (the oldest surviving handwritten documents in Britain) also use birch as a material on which to write. The "white-winged junco" is all gray with white wingbars, and breeds only near the Black Hills of South Dakota. Sound Both male and female flowers bloom on the same tree in the birch family. River birch bark is light brown to buff in color and thin like paper. The Birds of North Amer, North American Beaver C. c. canadensis, feeding in Winter This was taken at the Beaver Pond in Flesherton Hills Educational Centre, there are some great trails, all right in town. Early ecologists believed that this dam-building was an amazing feat of architectural planning, indicative of the beaver’s high intellect. The "Guadalupe junco" of Baja California is dull and brownish. Their shallow root systems are sensitive to hot, dry soils, but are tolerant of flood conditions. * The Dark-eyed Junco includes five forms that were once considered separate species. Note that during the heat of summer months, it is essential to water daily! Average Size at Maturity: Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions. Beavers are mainly active at night. In the eastern United States, they appear in all but the most northern states only in the winter, and then retreat each spring. The beaver’s fur consists of long, coarse outer hairs and short, fine inner hairs. It has a large flat paddle-shaped tail and large, webbed hind feet reminiscent of a human diver’s swimfins. Baltic birch is among the most sought-after wood in the manufacture of speaker cabinets. It usually grows near the lakes and rivers. Conservation Status Using a trickling hose – water the tree slowly and deeply, over a one to two hour period. The usual lifespan of the birch is 40-50 years. White birch trees aren’t the only kind of birch tree out there. * "Red-backed junco" like gray-headed, but bill with dark upper mandible. Junco ojo oscuro (Spanish) In the event of danger, a beaver slaps its tail on the water to warn other family members. The inner bark, twigs, shoots and leaves of such trees are also an important part of the beaver’s diet. River birch will tolerate a wide variety of site conditions including sandy to clay, moist to wet, acidic soils, full sun to partial shade, heat, and periodic flooding. Description Read on to learn more about our river birch trees for sale. Often the pile of food branches projects above the pond and collects snow. Normally, the purpose of the dam is to provide water around their lodges that is deep enough that it does not freeze solid in winter. Sexes similar, but females average paler and browner. 2002. In olden times, beer and wine were prepared from birch in many countries. They are thin-leaved hardwood trees of Betula genes. The birch is the national tree of Russia and Finland. The bark will burn very well even when wet because of the oils it contains. Usually placed in small cavity on sloping bank or rock face, among roots of toppled tree, or along sloping road cut. It is a deciduous tree growing to 25 m (80 ft), rarely to 30 m (100 ft), high with a trunk up to 50 cm (2 ft), rarely 150 cm (5 ft), diameter, often with multiple trunks. The sap is also bottled and sold commercially. To view the top-25 lists of feeder birds from across the continent, go to the Project FeederWatch Data Retrieval page. This is especially so since the introduction in 1979 and gradual recognition of the Heritage River birch cultivar (Betula nigra ‘Cully’), which culminated in it winning the 2002 Urban Tree of the Year award as determined by responses to an annual survey in arborist magazine City Trees. Longer wings help the migrants fly long distances. Birch trees have simple leaves with toothed edges called margins. It is found in almost all countries having a temperate climate. In favorable conditions, this tree can live for as long as 200 years. You can easily prune your river birch tree during the proper time with sufficient tools and the correct trimming method. Egg Description River birch is a streamside tree, growing best in alluvial soils (deposited by water). The river birch grows to a height of 40–70' and a spread of 40–60' at maturity. Used in discussing the significance of something that is the case, A piece of information used as evidence or as part of a report or news article, (fact) a piece of information about circumstances that exist or events that have occurred; “first you must collect all the facts of the case”, (fact) a statement or assertion of verified information about something that is the case or has happened; “he supported his argument with an impressive array of facts”, (fact) an event known to have happened or something known to have existed; “your fears have no basis in fact”; “how much of the story is fact and how much fiction is hard to tell”, a tall perennial woody plant having a main trunk and branches forming a distinct elevated crown; includes both gymnosperms and angiosperms, A woody perennial plant, typically having a single stem or trunk growing to a considerable height and bearing lateral branches at some distance from the ground, corner: force a person or an animal into a position from which he cannot escape, a figure that branches from a single root; “genealogical tree”, A wooden structure or part of a structure, (in general use) Any bush, shrub, or herbaceous plant with a tall erect stem, e.g., a banana plant. Whereas it requires high soil moisture and grows best where relatively high soil moisture is maintained throughout the year, it doesn't tolerate heavy or prolonged flooding. Fifth edition – November 2011. * "Gray-headed junco" with light gray hood and sides, a well defined reddish back, and a small black face mask. Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. Unfortunately, some birch trees can … These residents have shorter wings than the migrants that join them each winter. They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets. It comes in several distinctly different looking forms, but all are readily identified as "juncos" by their plain patterning, dark hood, and white outer tail feathers. It is one of the few heat-tolerant birches in a family of mostly cold-weather trees which do not thrive in USDA Zone 6 and up. River birch is widely planted for its appealing, peeling bark and shiny, diamond-shaped leaves. Pruning cuts will bleed sap in the spring, so prune when the trees are dormant. Birch is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Betulaceae. The beaver has many traits suited to this lifestyle. The "slate-colored junco" is the grayest, found from Alaska to Texas and eastward. The bark of the birch tree has medicinal qualities to cure stomach pain. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. * "Oregon junco" with well defined dark to dull gray hood, brown back and flanks. Habitat ‘Heritage’ river birch tolerates low soil oxygen, periodic flooding, clay, and prefers moist soil. River birch is a fast-growing, deciduous semi-aquatic tree that reaches between 50 and 90 feet in height. They prefer aspen and poplar, but will also take birch, maple, willow and alder. Juvenile similar to adult, but with fine streaking on chest, head, and back. Behavior Breeds from western Alaska eastward to Newfoundland, southward in mountains to southern California and northern Georgia. Birch is used as firewood because of its high calorific value per unit weight and unit volume. Birch trees are recognizable by their bark, which peels off in strips in all birches except the gray birch. Several Seasons of Color From One Tough Tree Why Dura Heat® River Birch Trees? Young trees have smooth bark. There are around 60 different species of birch that grow in temperate climate around the world. It's easy to understand why the Heritage® River Birch is such a popular tree. * Belly white. Plus, it's an elegant source of shade, with unique peeling bark that stands out in your landscape. In areas where their pond freezes over, beavers collect food in late fall in the form of tree branches, storing them underwater (usually by sticking the sharp chewed base of the branches into the mud on the pond bottom), where they can be accessed through the winter. The average height of a birch tree is around 12 meters (40 feet tall), but the paper and yellow birch can grow up to 24 meters (80 feet) tall. This lovely tree grows in cold areas and hot and humid conditions, a span that includes frigid Maine and Minnesota all the way down to hot and humid Florida and Texas. Condition at Hatching Seeds and insects. This was symbolic of new beginning – the center must start fresh the process of gathering, shelter, and all other representations of home. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the state. * Unstreaked gray or brown, no wingbars (usually). I believe this was Mama beaver trying to keep me from getting to close to the lodge. The exfoliating bark of the River Birch provides winter interest after the foliage has turned golden yellow and dropped from the tree. Considering A River Birch Tree? river birch A North American birch with shaggy reddish-brown or orange bark black birch: birch of swamps and river bottoms throughout the eastern United States having reddish-brown bark It is a deciduous tree growing to 25 m (80 ft), rarely to 30 m (100 ft), high with a trunk up to 50 cm (2 ft),… Used as a forest buffer and to assist in erosion control along stream banks, the river birch also provides food for many bird species, including grouse and white-tailed dear. They bloom in erect clusters at the tips of long shoots and persist through winter. The birch sap is used as a substitute for sugar in Lapland and Sweden. They are excellent swimmers but are more vulnerable on land and tend to remain in the water as much as possible. ‘Heritage’ river birch is hardy, grows rapidly, but tends to be short-lived (30 to 40 years) in many urban settings including street tree plantings. Pruning can assure a single-stem tree and establish a stronger structure to resist ice damage. Foraging Towards winter, the lodge is often plastered with mud which when it freezes has the consistency of concrete. Heritage River Birch Roots a problem? Noteworthy Characteristics. Bark of the birch can be white, grey, yellow, silver or black in color.